The Google Doodle for November 4 commemorates Charles K. Kao, the Chinese-born British-American physicist. The Nobel laureate is referred to as the “dad of fiber optic interactions” for his work that resulted in the fast development of the web.
Born upon this day in 1933 in Shanghai, Kao studied electrical engineering in the U.K. and made a PhD in the field in1965 He later on worked as an engineer at a proving ground for Basic Telephones & Cables, a British business, according to the journal Mayo Center Procedures
In the 1960 s, Kao found specific physical residential or commercial properties of glass that formed the structure for high-speed information interaction in the Details Age. He understood that packages of thin fibers made from cleansed glass might bring big quantities of info over cross countries and might change copper wires for telecommunication, according to the Mayo Center journal. This discovery made him a Nobel Reward in physics in 2009.
Kao established the department of electrical engineering at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1970 prior to transferring to Roanoke, Virginia, in 1974.
In the U.S. he worked as primary researcher and later on as director of engineering at ITT Corporation, the moms and dad business of Requirement Telephones & Cables. Throughout this duration, a number of crucial patents associated with fiber-optic innovation were submitted.
In 1977, the very first telephone network brought live signals through fiber optics and over the following years Kao supervised the application of fiber-optic networks all over the world.
The physicist later on worked as an accessory teacher at Yale and as vice chancellor at Chinese University of Hong Kong prior to retiring in 1996.
By 2009, when the Nobel committee praised his “groundbreaking accomplishments worrying the transmission of light in fibers for optical interaction,” Kao was struggling with innovative Alzheimer’s illness, which had actually been initially detected 5 years previously.
In 2010, Gwen Kao, the physicist’s other half, introduced the not-for-profit Charles K. Kao Structure for Alzheimer’s Illness, encouraged by her first-hand experience of looking after an enjoyed one with the illness. The structure raises awareness around dementia and supports individuals impacted by it and their caretakers.
In addition to the Nobel reward– which was shown Canadian physicist Willard S. Boyle and American researcher George E. Smith, the creators of the charge-coupled gadget utilized to transform optical details to an electrical signal– Kao got the Faraday Medal in 1989, the Alexander Graham Bell Medal in 1985, the Marconi Medal in 1985 along with honorary degrees from universities around the globe.
Kao passed away in September 2018 in Hong Kong.