Yorkshire pudding wrap: Reinventing the humble delicacy

Yorkshire puddings Image caption Hungry yet?

They have been around for hundreds of years but now Yorkshire puddings have found themselves thrust into the culinary spotlight.

This week a BBC video about a Yorkshire pudding wrap[1] was viewed more than 13 million times online, making the dish and how to eat it a real talking point.

It's polarised opinion, with some saying it's food heaven and others claiming it is sacrilege and food hell.

But what's behind the revival of this humble recipe?

And who is qualified to say how it's best eaten?


What is a Yorkshire pudding anyway?

The Yorkshire pudding is made from a simple batter of eggs, flour and milk[2] and needs to be light yet crispy and well-risen.The general rule is that the fat - often dripping or goose fat - needs to be red hot in the tin before the batter is added, avoiding the much-feared soggy bottom.

According to Yorkshire food historian Peter Brears, the recipe first appeared in a book called The Art Of Cookery by Hannah Glasse in 1747.She *whisper* came from Northumberland.


How did it get its name?

As for how it got its name, Mr Brears said it is likely to have come from Yorkshire miners, who worked incredibly hard but were well paid enough to be able to afford meat and be given free coal to keep a fire going."A fire and roasted meat were essentials for making Yorkshire pudding," he said.

It started to be taken up as a Yorkshire symbol in the 1890s when it started appearing on postcards - yes, postcards.From then on, well, it is just folklore.


How is it traditionally served?

The Yorkshire pudding is usually made in a rectangular tin and cut into squares to be served with a roast dinner.It can also be made with whole sausages cooked within it, a dish known as toad-in-the-hole.

Image copyright Getty Images

The pudding-that's-not-a-pudding is believed to have been originally served as a starter with gravy.That way diners were filled up before the main course so whoever was feeding them could get away with serving less meat.

Some people also like to eat it cold the next day with jam.


What are the new incarnations of the regional speciality?

So far, so good.For the uninitiated, that's the basics covered.But if the idea of eating something called a "pudding" with a savoury course isn't mind-bending enough, how about trying it in even more exotic forms from wraps to burritos?

The wraps have been on sale for a while, with a stall dedicated to selling them in Leeds Kirkgate Market and a cafe in York has reportedly had customers queuing out of the door for one since being featured in the online video.

The Yorkshire pudding burrito is also a thing, which is possibly similar to a wrap but with more stuffing.Both feature the elements of a roast dinner encased in a fluffy light batter wrap, and are proving extremely popular.sorry

Earlier this month it was reported a diner in Beverley, Hull, was serving a Yorkshire pudding pizza.[3] The huge pudding is used as a base before a layer of sausage and tomato is added with a cheese topping.Not quite as traditional maybe, but does it work?

Maybe the proof of the pudding really is in the eating.


Has it actually always been a kind of fast food?

Mr Brears who has published several books on the history of food and worked with The National Trust and English Heritage, said the thought of a Yorkshire wrap reminds him of how it was eaten as factory food in the mid to late-19th Century.

Image copyright Empics Image caption Yorkshire pudding wraps have been on sale in Leeds Kirkgate Market since last year

He said:"When you'd have your Sunday roast you would always cook more potatoes and more veg, and when you went to the mill you took a basin with meat and potatoes and gravy in the bottom and a piece of Yorkshire pudding on top.

"You would wrap it up and then during the day you would stand it on the steam pipes to warm it up."


How has the Yorkshire pudding wrap gone down online?

Commenting on the BBC News video, Alice Elizabeth Ruggiero said:"My grandmother was a true Yorkshirewomen, she served individual puddings before a dinner of stew - she filled the pudding with the gravy and we ate it like a starter with the meat and vegetables after.It was delicious."

Shona Court said:"I want our town to have a least three of these places.I would be in heaven as, according to my son, I don't have blood, I have gravy!!!!"

Image caption The Yorkshire pudding wrap is basically a roast dinner, wrapped in a Yorkshire

Not everyone is a fan.Jan Starkey Dean said:"Isn't anything sacred anymore, why does everything have to be on the go?Are people so busy they can't sit down to eat?I think a lot of it is laziness."

And Patricia Pope said:"Think I will stick with the traditional Sunday roast beef dinner and Yorkshire pudding sitting down at the dinner table so that I can enjoy it thoroughly."


What does the rest of the world make of a Yorkshire pudding?

US resident Jim Cotton said:"As an American I must admit we don't understand Yorkshire pudding (although I had some once in the UK and enjoyed it).

Image caption Love them or hate them, you can't go on social media this week without seeing one

"But this does look great.Maybe a new franchise operation in central Texas?"

Camden Gilbreath added:"I'm American, I had no idea what a Yorkshire pudding was and not super clear on the broad definition of the word "pudding" in the English language, because I think creamy slightly gross dessert.

"All that said call it whatever you will that looks just delicious, idk [I don't know] what a regular Yorkshire pudding looks like but man that looks good all wrapped up."


Ok, so enough about actually eating them.What else can you do with a Yorkshire pudding?

These tasty treats make pretty good sporting props, it turns out.

Across the Pennines in Ramsbottom they are used as targets in the annual World Black Pudding Throwing Championships[4], which celebrates the historic rivalry between Lancashire and Yorkshire.

Image caption In Ramsbottom, contestants throw black puddings at a stack of Yorkshire puddings on a high platform

Contestants throw black puddings with the aim of knocking off as many Yorkshire puddings as possible from a 20ft (6m) platform.

Last year on Yorkshire Day, a Yorkshire pudding throwing contest[5] was held in York to celebrate the region.

They made the sport headlines in April, when Sheffield's Danny Willett,[6] who won last year's opening major of the year, promised to include Yorkshire pudding on the menu of the Masters Champions Dinner.

Staying in sport, the parents of triathletes Jonny and Alistair Brownlee[7] joke that the secret of their sons' success is "roast beef and Yorkshire puddings"....

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Brexit: What did we learn from Theresa May's Florence speech?

Profile view of Theresa May during speechImage copyright PA

Prime Minister Theresa May has used a speech in Florence to set out the UK's position on how to move Brexit talks forward.With further negotiations planned next week, what did her speech tell us about the sort of Brexit deal we might end up with?Reality Check correspondent Chris Morris has been scanning the speech.


Future of the EU

What's the significance?It's worth noting that a lot of Brexit supporters in the UK jumped on Jean-Claude Juncker's State of the European Union speech[1] last week - in which he set out an ambitious agenda of greater integration - as an example of why they wanted to leave in the first place.

The PM picked up on this - we're getting out of your way while you move in a different direction that we've never felt entirely comfortable with.

That's good for both of us she implied.It slightly ignores the fact that many EU leaders wouldn't agree with Mr Juncker's proposals - but it's a point that will go down well on the Tory backbenches.


Success of Brexit

What's the significance?The tone matters here.Urging EU leaders to be creative, ambitious and to share a "profound sense of responsibility to make this change work" is a bit of a departure from the language in her last major speech on Brexit at Lancaster House in London in January.

It contained warnings of "an act of calamitous self-harm" for the countries of Europe if they sought to punish the UK, and the famous assertion that "no deal is better than a bad deal" for Britain.

The rest of the EU will take note of this more collaborative appeal but will also be watching to see whether the tone changes again in the prime minister's speech to the Conservative party conference next month.


Citizens' rights

What's the significance?The prime minister is saying she wants to incorporate an agreement on EU citizens' rights into UK law, and she thinks UK courts should be able to "take into account" the judgements of the European Court of Justice.

It's a real guarantee, she says:"We want you to stay." The trouble is that it's not what the EU is demanding.

The chief EU negotiator Michel Barnier insisted in a speech yesterday that the Court of Justice should remain the ultimate guarantor of any agreement.

The big difficulty here is that jurisdiction is a pretty black-and-white issue - there are few grey areas.As things stand, the UK view is that British courts should have the final say, and the EU sees that as unacceptable.


Trade

What's the significance?So the Prime Minister has ruled out a European Economic Area-style solution to a future relationship (this would be like Norway - part of the single market but not part of the EU).Mrs May says it would still be too restrictive for the UK.

And she ruled out an ambitious free trade deal like the one the EU has with Canada - it would take too long and would ignore the fact that we start from a position where all our rules and regulations are the same.

So she wants a unique solution - a new deep and special partnership.But in this speech she hasn't really given more details of exactly what that solution would be.


Transitional period

What's the significance? This is important.It means that during a transition period - the prime minister suggested two years as a possibility - all the rules will remain the same.

That means payments into the EU budget, free movement of people and the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice would stay in place.

That's always been the position of the rest of the EU - it now appears that the UK has accepted that there is no way round this.

Mrs May confirmed that there will be no restrictions on EU citizens coming to the UK during the transition, but that after Brexit they will be registered as they arrive.That is something that the UK could already do under current EU rules, but it never has done so.


'Divorce bill'

What's the significance?The prime minister is trying to reassure other member states that no net contributor will have to pay more, and no net recipient will receive less, during the current seven-year budget period, which runs until the end of 2020.

That suggests that the UK will provide the sum of roughly 20bn euros (£18bn) in the two-year transition period that it has now proposed.

What's not yet clear is whether the UK thinks these payments will also cover some of its outstanding debts - debts that the EU insists have to be settled as part of a withdrawal agreement.

The rest of the EU will view the £18bn as payment for the UK being allowed to maintain its current role in the single market.

A lot depends on what exactly Mrs May meant by this key sentence:"The UK will honour commitments made during the period of our membership."

Note she didn't say "all" our commitments.


Read more from Reality Check[2]

Follow us on Twitter[3]...


References

  1. ^ State of the European Union speech (www.bbc.co.uk)
  2. ^ Read more from Reality Check (www.bbc.co.uk)
  3. ^ Follow us on Twitter (twitter.com)

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G4S immigration centre boss Ben Saunders resigns

Covert footage was filmed inside Brook House, near Gatwick Airport Image caption Covert footage was filmed inside Brook House, near Gatwick Airport

The head of a G4S-run immigration removal centre which was the focus of a Panorama investigation has resigned.

Ben Saunders, the director of Brook House near Gatwick Airport, has left the role with "immediate effect".

BBC One's Panorama screened footage from the centre which apparently showed officers bullying and abusing people being held there.

G4S sacked three staff and suspended 10 others after the show aired this month.

The Panorama investigation exposed Brook House as a place where drug use and self-harm were common.

The programme used footage recorded by former custody officer Callum Tulley at the centre, which holds detainees facing deportation from the UK.

He began working there at the age of 18 and told the BBC he was "shocked and disturbed" by what he was seeing and hearing about.

He described seeing people dealing and taking drugs, self-harming and fighting.

"There's a culture of violence at Brook House.It's not just a pocket of officers abusing people behind closed doors.

"People will just speak about it so openly or freely."

image

Media playback is unsupported on your device

Media captionWATCH:What Callum Tulley, 21, saw undercover

G4S said it "immediately" began an investigation following the claims made in the programme.

Mr Saunders is also leaving his role at Tinsley House, another immigration removal centre near Gatwick Airport.

Documents seen by the BBC suggest G4S has been making significant profits from running the two centres.

The Home Office has said it is investigating claims the company has given inaccurate financial information[1] to the department about their costs.

An ex-senior manager for the security company made the claims at the Home Affairs Select Committee earlier this month.

At that same meeting, a G4S executive refused to tell MPs how much profit the company makes from Brook House.

G4S said it had never deliberately given false information.

In a statement, G4S confirmed Mr Saunders' post would initially be taken by interim director Lee Hanford "pending the eventual appointment of a replacement".

Watch Panorama - Undercover:Britain's Immigration Secrets on BBC iPlayer[2]...

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Toby Roland-Jones: England seamer a doubt for 2017-18 Ashes

Toby Roland-Jones
Toby Roland-Jones has played four Tests for England

England seamer Toby Roland-Jones will miss Middlesex's final game of the season with a stress fracture in his lower back and is a major doubt for the Ashes tour of Australia.

Roland-Jones, 29, made his Test debut in the third Test against South Africa at The Oval in July.

He started Middlesex's 36-run County Championship win[1] over Lancashire this week but did not finish the game.

Roland-Jones has taken 17 wickets in four Tests.

A Middlesex statement[2] on Friday said:"The result of the medical scan has revealed Toby has a stress fracture in his L5 vertebra (lower back), which will mean he will take no further part in the domestic season for Middlesex."

England will name their Ashes squad[3] at The Oval on Wednesday.

Middlesex's final game of the season is the County Championship fixture away to Somerset, which starts on 25 September.

The first Test of the five-match Ashes series starts on 23 November in Brisbane....

References

  1. ^ County Championship win (www.bbc.co.uk)
  2. ^ Middlesex statement (www.middlesexccc.com)
  3. ^ name their Ashes squad (www.bbc.co.uk)

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Rory McIlroy: PGA Tour and European Tour will merge one day

Rory McIlroy
Rory McIlroy began his career on the European Tour but now predominantly plays in America

Rory McIlroy believes "discussions have taken place" about the PGA Tour merging with the European Tour and that it is "counter-productive" for them to compete as they currently do.

McIlroy says the US-based circuit could buy its European rival but then let it run the key events on its continent.

"The World Tour - it's going to happen one day and I think it has to," said the 28-year-old world number eight.

"I think everyone has to come together.I don't see any other way."

McIlroy was speaking on the 'No Laying Up'[1] golf podcast after failing to qualify for this week's Tour Championship in Atlanta.

Former Open champion Greg Norman proposed the creation of a 'World Tour' in 1994 but his idea was ultimately quashed by the PGA Tour when in 1997 it masterminded the advent of the World Golf Championships[2] that started two years later.

The PGA Tour dominates its European equivalent in terms of prize money and the quality of fields its more lucrative tournaments subsequently attract.

The European Tour has for many years frequently staged tournaments in Asia and Africa in an attempt to provide attractive year-round events while relatively new chief executive Keith Pelley is determined to modernise[3] and innovate in order to appeal to more sponsors.

But the large majority of Europe's elite players play most of their golf in America and given those star names must compete in a minimum number of tournaments on their 'home' tour to be eligible for the Ryder Cup, it means a trans-atlantic juggling act with their schedules.

"To have all these tours competing against each other, and having to change dates, it's counter-productive," added the Northern Irishman, who claimed the FedEx Cup title last year.

"The easy thing would be for the PGA Tour to buy the European Tour and take it from there.

"They could still run the European events and we'll have, say, 12 big events a year, outside the majors, a bit like they do in tennis.

"I don't see any other way.I know discussions have taken place, so maybe one day."

Hampered by rib and back injuries all season, McIlroy plans to take three months off after next month's British Masters and Alfred Dunhill Links Championship in order to recover full fitness....

References

  1. ^ 'No Laying Up' (nolayingup.com)
  2. ^ advent of the World Golf Championships (articles.latimes.com)
  3. ^ determined to modernise (www.bbc.co.uk)

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